Three Outside Up

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Figure 1. Three Outside Up pattern.

Figure 1. Three Outside Up pattern.

Forecast: bullish reversal
Trend prior to the pattern: downtrend
Opposite pattern: Three Outside Down
See also: Bullish Engulfing

Construction:

  • First candle
    • a candle in a downtrend
    • black body
  • Second candle
    • white body
    • candle’s body engulfs the prior (black) candle’s body
  • Third candle
    • closing price above the previous closing price
    • white body

 

The Three Outside Up pattern is a three-line pattern being an extension of the two-line Bullish Engulfing pattern. The pattern was introduced by Morris, and his intention was to improve the two-line pattern performance. The third candle is meant to behave as a confirmation of the Bullish Engulfing. As with the Bullish Engulfing, the first black candle is engulfed by the second one with a white body.

The first line can appear as a short or long line. It can be any basic candle having black body. Doji candles are allowed except the Four-Price Doji.

The second line has to appear as a long line, and the candle needs to be of white color. It can be one of the following candles: White Candle, Long White Candle, White Marubozu, Opening White Marubozu and Closing White Marubozu. Spinning tops and doji candles are not allowed.

The last candle line can be any basic candle, which has a white body and closes above the second candle's closing price.

In the case of this pattern, shadows length do no matter.

Although the idea behind the Three Outside Up is to confirm the Bullish Engulfing, in our opinion the extended pattern should be confirmed nevertheless. Confirmation can be in the form of breaking out of the nearest resistance zone or a trendline.

 

Figure 2.

Figure 2. A Three Outside Up pattern is preceded by a price gap forming a resistance zone. The bulls have control by slowly pushing the price higher. To break out of the marked on the chart resistance zone takes much longer but the bulls maintained power.

 

Figure 2.

Figure 3. A Three Outside Up pattern is preceded by a price gap, similarly as in the previous example. However in this case the bulls were not able to cover the price gap.
One might ask why, although the gap was created at a high trading volume in both situations, in one case the bulls were successful, whereas in the other not.
There is no one right answer. We could give many more similar examples. We could also try to explain that in this particular case the Three Outside Up pattern price only slightly touched the trend line what indicates that the bulls are not so strong as in the first example.
What we suggest is to wait for pattern confirmation every time. In any case, a proper usage of a stop loss order always is a must.

 

Three Outside Up statistics

Below you can find some Three Outside Up pattern statistics calculated by CandleScanner software. To see more detailed statistics, for other markets and periodicity try our CandleScanner software. Prices start at only $10, and you can see more detailed statistics, for other markets and periodicity. Click here to find out more!

Pattern name: Three Outside Up
Scanner settings: daily stocks
Group: S&P500
Number of symbols: 502
Date range: 7/1/1995 - 6/30/2015
Time interval: daily candles
Total number of candlesticks: 2,236,421
Number of occurrences (Three Outside Up): 9,943
Number of occurrences (all candlestick patterns): 638,570
% of occurrences (Three Outside Up): 1.56 %
Average frequency: 224.9
Efficiency statistics (5 candlesticks testing period)

Efficiency NO DATA FALSE LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Number of
Occurrences
2 1,794 2,879 1,904 3,364
% of
Occurrences
0.02 % 18.02 % 28.96 % 19.15 % 33.85 %

 

Efficiency statistics (10 candlesticks testing period)

Efficiency NO DATA FALSE LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Number of
Occurrences
19 1,692 2,263 1,631 4,338
% of
Occurrences
0.19 % 16.83 % 22.76 % 16.40 % 43.82 %

 

10 top best performing symbols

Occurrences Statistics 5 candlesticks testing period
(HIGH efficiency)
10 candlesticks testing period
(HIGH efficiency)
Symbol Number of
Occurrences
Average
Frequency
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
PRGO 26 193.6 12 46.15 % 18 69.23 %
BIIB 24 209.7 13 54.17 % 16 66.67 %
BAX 33 152.5 13 39.40 % 21 63.64 %
HAL 23 218.9 14 60.87 % 14 60.87 %
STZ 23 218.9 11 47.82 % 14 60.87 %
SWKS 23 218.9 13 56.52 % 14 60.87 %
SYK 23 218.9 10 43.48 % 14 60.87 %
BEN 25 201.4 10 40.00 % 15 60.00 %
REGN 25 201.3 15 60.00 % 15 60.00 %
SLB 25 201.4 13 52.00 % 15 60.00 %

 

10 top worst performing symbols

Occurrences Statistics 5 candlesticks testing period
(FALSE efficiency)
10 candlesticks testing period
(FALSE efficiency)
Symbol Number of
Occurrences
Average
Frequency
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
NFX 25 201.2 9 36.00 % 9 36.00 %
REGN 25 201.3 9 36.00 % 9 36.00 %
CSC 23 218.9 8 34.78 % 8 34.78 %
KLAC 24 209.8 8 33.33 % 8 33.33 %
VRTX 30 167.7 10 33.33 % 10 33.33 %
EIX 25 201.4 10 40.00 % 8 32.00 %
HSY 25 201.4 8 32.00 % 8 32.00 %
LLTC 25 201.4 8 32.00 % 8 32.00 %
WM 23 218.9 7 30.43 % 7 30.43 %
CSCO 27 186.4 8 29.63 % 8 29.63 %
Pattern name: Three Outside Up
Scanner settings: daily stocks
Group: S&P500
Number of symbols: 502
Date range: 7/1/2010 - 6/30/2015
Time interval: daily candles
Total number of candlesticks: 614,034
Number of occurrences (Three Outside Up): 2,639
Number of occurrences (all candlestick patterns): 166,328
% of occurrences (Three Outside Up): 1.59 %
Average frequency: 232.7
Efficiency statistics (5 candlesticks testing period)

Efficiency NO DATA FALSE LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Number of
Occurrences
2 303 975 576 783
% of
Occurrences
0.08 % 11.40 % 36.95 % 21.83 % 29.74 %

 

Efficiency statistics (10 candlesticks testing period)

Efficiency NO DATA FALSE LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Number of
Occurrences
19 267 699 519 1,135
% of
Occurrences
0.72 % 9.40 % 26.49 % 19.67 % 43.72 %

 

10 top best performing symbols

Occurrences Statistics 5 candlesticks testing period
(HIGH efficiency)
10 candlesticks testing period
(HIGH efficiency)
Symbol Number of
Occurrences
Average
Frequency
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
IP 9 139.8 5 55.56 % 8 88.89 %
HSP 8 157.3 4 50.00 % 7 87.50 %
SWKS 8 157.3 6 75.00 % 7 87.50 %
DVN 7 179.7 6 85.71 % 6 85.71 %
FOSL 7 179.7 6 85.71 % 6 85.71 %
SYMC 7 179.7 2 28.57 % 5 71.42 %
PXD 6 209.7 5 83.33 % 5 83.33 %
ZION 6 209.7 4 66.66 % 5 83.33 %
BEN 9 139.8 3 33.34 % 7 77.78 %
BIIB 8 157.3 3 37.50 % 6 75.00 %

 

10 top worst performing symbols

Occurrences Statistics 5 candlesticks testing period
(FALSE efficiency)
10 candlesticks testing period
(FALSE efficiency)
Symbol Number of
Occurrences
Average
Frequency
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
ALXN 9 139.8 6 66.67 % 6 66.67 %
JOY 8 157.3 5 62.50 % 5 62.50 %
MU 6 209.7 3 50.00 % 3 50.00 %
PLL 9 139.8 4 44.44 % 4 44.44 %
RIG 7 179.7 3 42.86 % 3 42.86 %
UA 7 179.7 3 42.86 % 3 42.86 %
WMT 8 157.3 3 37.50 % 3 37.50 %
JEC 11 114.4 4 36.36 % 4 27.27 %
ANTM 6 209.7 2 33.33 % 2 33.33 %
APA 6 209.7 2 33.33 % 2 33.33 %

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