Three Outside Down

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Figure 1. Three Outside Down pattern.

Figure 1. Three Outside Down pattern.

Forecast: bearish reversal
Trend prior to the pattern: uptrend
Opposite pattern: Three Outside Up
See also: Bearish Engulfing

Construction:

  • First candle
    • a candle in an uptrend
    • white body
  • Second candle
    • black body
    • candle’s body engulfs the prior (white) candle’s body
  • Third candle
    • closing price below the previous closing price
    • black body

 

Greg Morris proposed the three-line Three Outside Down pattern as an extension of the two-line Bearish Engulfing pattern. Its first and second line forms the Bearish Engulfing pattern.

The first line can appear as a short or long line. It can be any basic candle having a white body. Doji candles are allowed except the Four-Price Doji.

The second line has to appear as a long line, and the candle needs to be of black color. It can be one of the following candles: Black Candle, Long Black Candle, Black Marubozu, Opening Black Marubozu and Closing Black Marubozu. Spinning tops and doji candles are not allowed.

The last candle line can be any basic candle, which has a black body and closes below the second candle's closing price.

The length of the shadows does not matter for any line.

The Three Outside Down pattern appears in a downtrend predicting its reversal. Although the third line is a kind of a confirmation of the Bearish Engulfing, it is worth to wait for confirmation on the subsequent candles. In other words, it is recommended to see if the price breaks out of the nearest resistance zone or a trendline. Depending on the market, if a trading volume information is available, typically it should be significantly higher on the third line of the pattern.

 

Figure 2.

Figure 2. A Bearish Engulfing pattern and a Black Candle forms a Three Outside Down pattern. The Black Candle, preceded by a price gap, appeared below a trendline indicating that the bears are in control of the market.
After a Falling Window pattern (small price gap at a high trading volume), the bulls tried to move price up but failed.

 

Figure 3.

Figure 3. An Opening Black Marubozu (1) forms a resistance area which is broken nine days later by a White Candle acting as a support zone.
A Bearish Engulfing is followed by an Opening Black Marubozu (2) and creates a Three Outside Down pattern. The support zone set up by the White Candle works well, and the bulls are in control of the market again.
This chart can be an example presenting why even Three Outside Down pattern (and other three-line patterns extending two-line patterns) should be confirmed.

 

Three Outside Down statistics

Below you can find some Three Outside Down pattern statistics calculated by CandleScanner software. To see more detailed statistics, for other markets and periodicity try our CandleScanner software. Prices start at only $10, and you can see more detailed statistics, for other markets and periodicity. Click here to find out more!

Pattern name: Three Outside Down
Scanner settings: daily stocks
Group: S&P500
Number of symbols: 502
Date range: 7/1/1995 - 6/30/2015
Time interval: daily candles
Total number of candlesticks: 2,236,421
Number of occurrences (Three Outside Down): 12,244
Number of occurrences (all candlestick patterns): 638,570
% of occurrences (Three Outside Down): 1.92 %
Average frequency: 182.7
Efficiency statistics (5 candlesticks testing period)

Efficiency NO DATA FALSE LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Number of
Occurrences
30 2,217 3,962 2,407 3,628
% of
Occurrences
0.25 % 17.86 % 32.36 % 19.66 % 29.87 %

 

Efficiency statistics (10 candlesticks testing period)

Efficiency NO DATA FALSE LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Number of
Occurrences
37 2,068 3,334 2,120 4,685
% of
Occurrences
0.30 % 16.59 % 27.23 % 17.31 % 38.57 %

 

10 top best performing symbols

Occurrences Statistics 5 candlesticks testing period
(HIGH efficiency)
10 candlesticks testing period
(HIGH efficiency)
Symbol Number of
Occurrences
Average
Frequency
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
YHOO 29 166.8 18 62.08 % 21 72.42 %
APA 28 179.8 15 53.57 % 19 67.86 %
MS 28 179.8 17 60.71 % 18 64.29 %
REGN 27 186.4 16 59.25 % 17 62.96 %
SWK 29 173.6 16 55.18 % 18 62.08 %
DLTR 31 162.4 18 58.07 % 19 61.30 %
ALTR 28 179.8 15 53.56 % 17 60.72 %
XRX 32 157.3 12 37.50 % 19 59.38 %
CSX 29 173.6 13 44.83 % 17 58.63 %
ADI 28 179.8 12 42.86 % 16 57.15 %

 

10 top worst performing symbols

Occurrences Statistics 5 candlesticks testing period
(FALSE efficiency)
10 candlesticks testing period
(FALSE efficiency)
Symbol Number of
Occurrences
Average
Frequency
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
GT 28 179.8 11 39.29 % 11 39.29 %
SNDK 26 190.2 10 38.46 % 10 38.46 %
THC 29 173.6 11 37.93 % 11 37.93 %
BBY 37 136.1 14 37.84 % 14 37.84 %
ETFC 27 175.9 10 37.04 % 10 37.04 %
ALXN 30 162.2 11 36.67 % 11 36.67 %
NFX 35 143.7 12 34.29 % 12 34.29 %
DHI 42 119.9 14 33.33 % 14 33.33 %
GILD 33 152.5 11 30.30 % 11 30.30 %
CVS 31 162.4 10 32.26 % 10 32.26 %
Pattern name: Three Outside Down
Scanner settings: daily stocks
Group: S&P500
Number of symbols: 502
Date range: 7/1/2010 - 6/30/2015
Time interval: daily candles
Total number of candlesticks: 614,034
Number of occurrences (Three Outside Down): 3,148
Number of occurrences (all candlestick patterns): 166,328
% of occurrences (Three Outside Down): 1.89 %
Average frequency: 195.1
Efficiency statistics (5 candlesticks testing period)

Efficiency NO DATA FALSE LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Number of
Occurrences
30 458 1,283 683 694
% of
Occurrences
0.95 % 13.60 % 40.76 % 21.70 % 22.99 %

 

Efficiency statistics (10 candlesticks testing period)

Efficiency NO DATA FALSE LOW MEDIUM HIGH
Number of
Occurrences
37 397 1,060 629 1,025
% of
Occurrences
1.18 % 11.43 % 33.67 % 19.98 % 33.74 %

 

10 top best performing symbols

Occurrences Statistics 5 candlesticks testing period
(HIGH efficiency)
10 candlesticks testing period
(HIGH efficiency)
Symbol Number of
Occurrences
Average
Frequency
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
XEC 6 209.7 4 66.66 % 6 100.00 %
CME 7 179.7 3 42.85 % 6 85.71 %
UNM 6 209.7 2 33.33 % 5 83.33 %
GM 8 145.0 3 37.50 % 6 75.00 %
ADI 7 179.7 2 28.57 % 5 71.43 %
MS 7 179.7 5 71.43 % 5 71.43 %
ADBE 7 179.7 2 42.85 % 4 57.13 %
EXPE 6 209.7 4 66.66 % 4 66.67 %
FTI 9 139.8 6 66.67 % 6 66.67 %
FTR 6 209.7 3 50.00 % 4 66.67 %

 

10 top worst performing symbols

Occurrences Statistics 5 candlesticks testing period
(FALSE efficiency)
10 candlesticks testing period
(FALSE efficiency)
Symbol Number of
Occurrences
Average
Frequency
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
Number of
Occurrences
% of
Occurrences
MPC 8 126.3 5 62.50 % 5 62.50 %
URI 8 157.3 5 62.50 % 5 62.50 %
DG 11 114.4 5 45.45 % 5 45.45 %
MOS 7 179.7 3 42.86 % 3 42.86 %
FDX 8 157.3 3 37.50 % 3 37.50 %
FITB 8 157.3 3 37.50 % 3 37.50 %
FLR 8 157.3 3 37.50 % 3 37.50 %
GRMN 8 157.3 3 37.50 % 3 37.50 %
ORLY 8 157.3 3 37.50 % 3 37.50 %
PNC 8 157.3 3 37.50 % 3 37.50 %

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